TENS of thousands of refugees who have fled violence and deprivation in South Sudan and sought refuge in camps in Ethiopia’s Gambella region are faced with a lack of water, food, and sanitation and are suffering from a range of emergency medical conditions, including highly infectious measles, the international medical humanitarian organisation Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) said today.
An estimated 80,000 refugees who escaped violence, persecution and food shortages in Jonglei, Upper Nile, and Unity States in South Sudan have arrived in Ethiopia over recent months. Within weeks, the combined refugees’ populations could swell to 140,000 people.
Levels of humanitarian assistance in the camps are already far from covering the needs. At least 1,000 new refugees arrive in Ethiopia daily, with many suffering from respiratory infections, diarrhea and malaria, all linked to the difficult conditions during their exile from South Sudan and the living conditions in the transit sites and in the camps. Children are especially at risk, with hundreds already under treatment for measles.
“We estimate that the mortality rate in children under five remains above emergency levels in Letchuor camp, due largely to high rates of malnutrition and measles,” said Antoine Foucher, Médecins Sans Frontières’ Head of Mission in Ethiopia.
“While the provision of assistance has improved, it is hardly keeping up with the continued influx of refugees. The current response is running behind the needs, and it is critical to boost the response to improve health conditions ahead of the rainy season,” he said.
Médecins Sans Frontières, in coordination with the Ethiopian Administration for Refugees & Returnees Affairs (ARRA), has raced to provide medical assistance to the vulnerable refugees who have walked up to three weeks to reach Ethiopia. The organisation has set up mobile clinics at the border in Tiergol and Pagak, outpatient services and a 65-bed inpatient facility in Letchuor, a camp with 40,000 people, and a 75-bed inpatient facility in Itang, close to Kule camp.
Médecins Sans Frontières teams have so far conducted 8,633 medical consultations, admitted 160 patients, and provided intensive nutrition care to 130 children. High numbers of children are suffering from measles, despite the administration of vaccinations at the border. Médecins Sans Frontières teams have treated more than 500 children with measles, including 47 who required intensive care and hospitalisation. Médecins Sans Frontières is also providing latrines in the Pagak and Kule camps, where it is also treating water.
Aid must be significantly increased before the onset of the rainy season, which will only worsen the already dire living conditions, Médecins Sans Frontières said.
Médecins Sans Frontières has worked in Ethiopia since 1984, and currently runs projects in Amhara, Benishangul, Gambella, Oromia, SNNPR and the Somali region.
Source: Médecins Sans Frontières